Civil Engineering

 What is Civil Engineering?

                      Civil Engineering may be define as a  professional  engineering discipline that deals with the design, construction, and maintenance of the physical and naturally built environment, including works like dams, canal, road, bridges, and buildings.
Civil engineering being the second-oldest engineering discipline after military engineering, was defined to distinguish non-military engineering from military engineering.

                      Military engineering may be define as an art and practice of designing and building military equipment, transportation, communications and its maintenance

Branches of civil engineering:

                      Civil engineering has many sub-discipline, which includes;
structural  engineering, environmental engineering, transportation engineering, geophysics, geodesy, control engineering, architectural  engineering, forensic engineering, geotechnical engineering, earth science, atmospheric sciences, earthquake engineering, municipal or urban engineering, water  resources engineering, materials engineering, coastal engineering, aerospace  engineering, quantity surveying, offshore  engineering, and construction engineering, surveying.

                     Architectural  Engineering-

                    it is also known as building engineering, architectural engineering is the application of engineering principles and technology to building designand construction.

                      Environmental Engineering-

                      it is the integration of science and engineering principles to improve the natural environment, to provide heaelthy water, air, and land for human habitation and for other organisms, and to clean up pollution in our environmnt

                     Geotechnical Engineering-

                      t is concerned with the engineering behavior of earth materials.

                     Geophysics -

                     Geophysics is concerned with the physical processes and physical properties of the Earth and its surrounding space environment, and also the use of quantitative methods for their analysis.


                     also known as geodetics or geodetics engineering— is the scientific discipline that deals with the measurement and representation of the Earth, including its gravitational field, in a three-dimensional time-varying space.

                    Control Engineering-

                    Control engineering or control systems engineering is the engineering discipline that applies control theory to design systems with desired behaviors.

                    Structural  Engineering

                  it deals with the analysis and design of structures that support or resist loads.
Structural engineers are most commonly involved in the design of buildings and large non building structures

                    Earthquake Engineering

                    is defined as the study of the behavior of structures and Geo-structures subject to seismic loading, it is considered as a subset of both structural and geotechnical engineering.

                   Transportation Engineering-

                   Transport engineering or transportation engineering deals with the planning, functional design, operation and management of facilities for any mode of transportation

                   Earth science

                    Earth science or Geo-science referring to the fields of science dealing with planet Earth
Atmospheric Sciences.

                    Forensic Engineering-

                    Forensic engineering is the investigation of materials, products, structures or components that fail or do not operate or function as intended, causing personal injury or damage to property.

                   Municipal or Urban Engineering-

                  it applies the tools of science, art and engineering in an urban environment. And also concerned with municipal infrastructure.

                  Materials Engineering

                  commonly known as materials science and engineering, is an interdisciplinary field which deals with the discovery and design of new materials.

                  Offshore Engineering

                  Offshore geotechnical engineering is concerned with foundation design, construction, maintenance and decommissioning for human-made structures in the sea

                  Aerospace  Engineering

                  Aerospace Engineering is concerned with the research, design, development, construction, testing, science and technology of aircraft and spacecraft.  aeronautical engineering and astronautical engineering are the branches of aerospace engineering

                  Quantity Surveying

                  A Quantity Surveyor is concerned with construction costs and contracts.

                 Coastal  Engineering

                 Coastal management is defense against flooding and erosion and techniques that allow erosion to claim land.

                  Construction Engineering-

                  Construction engineering deals with the designing, planning, construction, and management of infrastructures such as railroad, bridges, highway, buildings, dams, and  utilities.

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